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All about pores... And ways in which to improve their appearance

What are pores?

Pores are hair follicle openings that allow oil and sebum to be released from sebaceous glands in the skin

How can I close my pores naturally?

As they are hair follicle openings you are unable to completely close your pores as they are necessary components of the skin. They are not attached to muscles and do not open and close contrary to popular belief.

Can you shrink your pores?

Pores increase in size with age due to reduced elasticity and loss of collagen which makes the underlying skin less firm and the structural support sag.

Genetics determine our base pore size so no matter what you do they will never completely disappear. Other factors that influence the size of pores are gender and oil production.

Treatments from consistent evidence backed skincare (to deep clean) to radiofrequency, fractional skin resurfacing and lasers will help stimulate collagen that in turn supports the skin’s architecture.

Are open pores permanent?

Pores are tiny openings in the skin so yes they are permanent.

However, we can help reduce their appearance.

Pores enlarge with age due to reduced skin elasticity and collagen. Blocked or clogged pores expand and blackheads can appear more prominent because of this.

Can you close pores overnight?

The short answer is no. You can use evidence backed skincare such as salicylic acid, glycolic acid and retinols to help clear the pores, improve skin texture and stimulate collagen production which will all result in better appearance of the pores but they do not close whilst we sleep.

Pores may appear bigger in the heat however they do not open and close. In warmer weather the skin surrounding the pores may swell and dilate and with perspiration we produce more sebum hence the pores will try to release this also contributing to a larger appearance.

What treatments can help get rid of/close pores (eg laser)?

Regular medical facials


Fractional skin resurfacing



What is Microtox?

This is when a neurotoxin is injected superficially into the skin to help minimise pore size and combat oily skin by shrinking the glands that produce sweat and oil. Like Botox it is not permanent so will need to be repeated to maintain the benefits.

What is a blackhead?

Blackheads are caused by blocked pores / hair follicles that contain sebum and dead skin cells. They appear black due to the oxidisation of melanin.

Is a blackhead always a blocked pore?

No, sometimes they could be sebaceous filaments. These look like blackheads, so your first instinct may be to squeeze them or start scrubbing. But, irritating sebaceous filaments may cause more problems as they generally help draw oil and debris out of the pore.

Will blackheads go away naturally?

No, a consistent skincare routine is important to help treat blackheads.

How can you remove blackheads on your nose?

Cleansing helps unclog pores especially acids such as AHAs (glycolic acid) that work on the surface to brighten and BHAs (salicylic acid) that penetrate deeper to get rid of grime clogged in the pores.

Can you reduce the appearance of blackheads?

Yes facials and consistent skin routines will help keep your pores squeaky clean and reduce the appearance of blackheads.

Read more in the article “How to get rid of pores, according to the experts”

featuring Dr. Paris’ comments in Glamour magazine


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